Black pepper is (Piper Nigrum) is flowering vine of the Piperaceae genus, cultivated for its fruits, which are usually dried and used spice and seasoning.
The seed, known as peppercorn, when dried, reaches approximately 5mm in diameter and, when fully mature, becomes dark red in color and, like all drupes, contains a single seed. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them, can be simply described as pepper or, more accurately, as black pepper (cooked and dried unripe fruit) or green pepper, and white pepper (ripe fruit seeds)
Black pepper is native to South India and is widely cultivated there, as well as in other tropical regions. For now, Vietnam is world’s largest producer and exporter of pepper.