Falafel is a deep-fried ball made from chickpeas, fava beans or both. It is traditionally served with a pita or flatbread and is usually topped with tahini sauce, hummus, and fried eggplant. The origin of falafel is still unknown and controversial. According to a well-known theory, Egyptians were the first ones who ever cooked falafel and the dish later migrated towards the Middle East. In the region of Levant, chickpeas replaced the fava beans used by the Egyptians. The scientists believe that its history may go back to Pharaonic Egypt. It is now a favorite dish, not only in the Middle East, but also around the world. The nutritional value of the falafel is high, even though the amount the fat it contains is increased when fried. To reduce the amount of fat, falafel can also be baked in the oven.